Michelangelo in the Renaissance, Gian Lorenzo Bernini in the Baroque, Auguste Rodin in Impressionism and Pablo Picasso in Cubism, could lead the best sculptors in their different epochs and styles.
Other famous sculptors, within these currents, could be Leonardo da Vinci in the Renaissance, Francisco Salzillo in the Baroque, Alberto Giacometti in Impressionism, Jacques Lipchitz in Cubism.
These famous sculptors, are known for leading artistic currents, besides serving as a reference to many artists of their respective times.
We could add other categories and other famous sculptors. For example Salvador Dalí with his Surrealism, Antonio Lopez and his magical realism. All these famous sculptors have opened roads or doors for other artists to follow.
Returning to the four early famous sculptors, we talk about their achievements and styles.
Michelangelo in the Renaissance.
The Renaissance was the period of European history characterised by a great interest of its famous painters and sculptors in the classic Greek and Roman past.
The Renaissance began in Italy in the fourteenth century and spread throughout the rest of Europe during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. In this period, the feudal society of the Middle Ages, became a better organised society with a modern economy. A period when literature, education, the arts and music were developing.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini in the Baroque
The Baroque sculpture gets a decorative role in the overall structure of the work. In them we point out their elaborate structure and genuine vivacity.
Auguste Rodin in Impressionism
The expectations achieved by the Impressionist painters are brought to the sculpture by Auguste Rodin (1840 to 1917).
Rodin surpasses the academic and reflects his interest by capturing the movement and its light. Aspects considered essential for achieving realism and depth in sculpture.
Pablo Picasso in Cubism
Between the 1909 and 1918, sculpture becomes a constructive language. Cubism is characterised by an in-depth study of values and volumes of the plains. It also navigates towards works in three dimensions. The work Cabeza de mujer by Pablo Picasso is considered the first cubist sculpture, and begins a line that will be continued many other famous sculptors. Among them, Miguel Guía and his cubis sculptures, which you can find at the Buysculpture art gallery.